Publicado el : 03 de Julio de 2017
En : General
El director del Centro de Econonía, Sociedad y Empresa del IEEM, Ignacio Munyo, se encuentra en el congreso Regulating for Decent Work organizado por la OIT en Ginebra para presentar el paper escrito junto con Agustina Trapp: "Free Trade with China: Is There a Risk for Employment in Latin America?".
Presentamos la descripción del trabajo que presentará hoy el profesor Munyo:
Free Trade with China: Is There a Risk for Employment in Latin America?
We explore the job market impact of a free trade agreement between China and Latin America. We consider the case of Uruguay, in light of the country’s current negotiations to sign a trade deal with China. We analyze trade flows with China and compute the probability of robotization of each job position potentially affected by the Chinese competition. We built upon previous literature to develop a new methodology to assign a probability of robotization to each job position according to the requirements of manipulation, creativity and empathy (main bottlenecks of robotization). We conclude that potentially affected jobs are those with the higher risk of robotization within the next 20 years. Therefore, a relevant part of these job positions tends to disappear anyway. This fact should be taken into account at the time of considering costs and benefits of a free trade agreement with China.
En la foto se encuentran Ignacio Munyo y Guy Ryder, el Director General de la OIT.